Where is Saqqara (Sakkara) Located?
Saqqara is located about 15 Km from downtown Cairo, extends over 8 km. It was the necropolis of the ancient capital of Egypt, Memphis, it contains numerous monuments as the famous one is the step pyramid or Djoser pyramid.
As the step, pyramid begins the history of the pyramids. It was the tomb of King Djoser built by his architect Imhotep who is considered the first architect in history, consists of 6 mastabas.
In connection with the pyramid was its chapel, the two being connected by a covered causeway.
Small pyramids were also built for some queens and the passages and chambers in the pyramids are mostly above ground and vary enormously in a plan.
In Djoser’s pyramid, the multitude of chambers and their decoration still keep up the similitude of a dwelling. His sarcophagus, too is a bit chamber, whiles later kings used a monolithic receptacle.
Judging from the sarcophagi, the kings were buried extended north and south, and Djoser’s body was very elaborately bandaged. High officials added private funeral monuments to this necropolis during the entire pharaonic period.
It remained an important complex for non-royal burials and cult ceremonies for more than 3,000 years, well into Ptolemaic and Roman times