The sphinx appears to have started in Egypt in the form of a sun god. The Egyptian sphinx is usually a head of a king wearing his headdress and the body of a lion. There are, however, sphinxes with ram heads that are associated with the god Amun.
The Great Sphinx is to the northeast of Chephren’s Valley Temple. Chephren’s workers shaped the stone into the lion and gave it their king’s face. The Sphinx faces the rising sun with a temple to the front and is considered the guardian of the pyramids.
It measures 20 meters high and 73.50 meters in length, it was carved in a huge rock in limestone. The Sphinx’s nose has not fallen down by itself as during many years ago, Napoleon Bonaparte’s soldiers were accused of having fired cannonballs at the Sphinx’s nose during the Egyptian campaign.
It was easy to accuse Napoleon while he did a great job in classifying a different kind of arts in Egypt. And why should he excavate the Sphinx from the sand and destroy it later? The Egyptians considered the statue as a God protecting the crops. According to Mark Lehner’s last archaeological studies, marks of a crowbar can be observed at the base of the nose and underneath the right nostril which might have been used a lever to break the nose off the face, this happened between the X and XV century.